The Domain Name Systems (DNS) is the phone book of the Internet.
Humans access information online through domain names, like www.wpeasy.net or espn.com.
Web browsers interact through Internet Protocol (IP) addresses.
DNS translates domain names to IP addresses, so browsers can load Internet resources.
Each device connected to the Internet has a unique IP address which other machines use to find the device.
DNS servers eliminate the need for humans to memorise IP addresses such as 192.168.1.1 (in IPv4), or more complex newer alphanumeric IP addresses such as 2400:cb00:2048:1::c629:d7a2 (in IPv6).